Common Causes of Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain is a common cause for many visits to the doctor, and it is also the most common cause of job-related disability. More than 80 percent of Americans will experience lower back pain in their lifetime. Back pain is most of the times a symptom. Most back pain is of musculoskeletal origin. Pain that is in the organs inside of the body can sometimes be felt in the back. This is known as referred pain. Lower back pain can have a lot of effects on your productivity, and you will start having a harder time doing even the simplest of tasks.

Most back pain is usually a result of injury, like muscle sprains or strains that are caused by the sudden movement or poor body mechanics when you lift heavy objects. There are some diseases that can also bring along back pain. Some diseases that can cause lower back pain include cancer of the spinal cord, herniated or ruptured disc, arthritis, sciatica, infection of the spine, and kidney infections. The pain can last for a couple of days or even weeks. If the pain lasts for a period longer than three months, then this is considered as chronic back pain.

People between the age of 30 and 50 are the most likely to get the lower back pains. This is because there are a lot of changes taking place in the body as it ages. As a person gets older, the fluid content that is between the vertebrae starts to decrease. This means that there is more irritation between the discs in the spine. This is where people lose the muscle tone, and this increases the risk of injury. This why it is advised to strengthen the back muscles and using good body mechanics in order to prevent low back pain. People who do this have a lower risk of getting lower back pain. Exercising is also a good way of preventing it. Below are some of the most common causes of lower back pain.

Muscle Strain and Ligament Sprain

A sprain can happen in an instant or develop over a period of time as a result of repetitive movements. Strains will occur when there is too much stretch of a muscle, and it tears, which causes the damage to the muscle. A sprain can also happen when there is over-stretching and tearing that affects the ligaments, which is what connects the bones. This is usually the case when you lift a heavy object or twist the spine when you lift. Poor posture over time can also cause it. When there is a sudden movement that puts too much stress on the lower back, it can result in a sprain. Sports injuries is another common way of getting a sprain, especially sports that have a lot of impact or twisting.

Back pain from this will not last for long, although the acute pain can be quite severe.

Pain that lasts for over three months is referred to as chronic back pain. Some of the common causes of chronic lower back pain include;

Lumbar herniated disc

The center of the lumbar disk is jelly-like, and it can break through the outer layer and result in irritation of the nearby nerve root. The portion of the disc has proteins that can result in inflammation once they reach the nerve root, and the nerve compression and inflammation will result in pain in the nerve root. There is a rich supply of nerve fibers on the disc wall, and a small tear can result in a lot of pain.

Degenerative disc disease

When a person is born, their intervertebral disc is full of water, and this is when they are at their healthiest. With age, the disc starts losing hydrations and starts wearing down. When they lose their hydration, the discs cannot properly resist forces, and this will result in the transfer of the force to the wall of the discs, and this can result in tears and cause a lot of pain or weakening that can result in herniation. This disc can also collapse, and this will contribute to stenosis.

Facet joint dysfunction

Each disc has two facet joints behind it, and it is at each of the motion segment in the lumbar spine. The bones have cartilage separating them and there is a capsular ligament that surrounds it, and it has a lot of nerves. This is why the joints can be painful.

Tumor

Most spinal tumors will start in other parts of the body before getting to the spine. The most common tumors will usually start from cancer in the prostate, breast, thyroid, kidney, or lung. If a patient has cancer and the back pain starts to come, then the patient should be evaluated because there is a chance there is a spinal metastasis.

Autoimmune disease

There are some autoimmune conditions that have been shown to cause back pain. Some of them include rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, Crohn’s disease, lupus, fibromyalgia. This condition can cause back pain, and you should make an effort of seeing a doctor if you have any other symptoms.

Infection

This is also known as osteomyelitis. This is a rare spinal infection that can result in a lot of pain and can even be life-threatening if it is not treated. This infection can be caused by injections, surgical procedures, or spread through the blood. People who have compromised immune system are at more risk to develop infections in their spine.

It is a good idea to see a doctor when you start having chronic back pains, so he/she can be able to determine the cause and the best option for treatment. There are times when it is a sign of something more serious that needs to be addressed and failing to have it treated can be fatal. The doctor will be able to refer you to the relevant specialist who will help you deal with the pain. There are many treatment options out there such as StaminaPro, and the one you will use will depend on your symptoms.

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